Donate

Categories

Advert

Recent Comments

XHTML

Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional

Cheap NAS Devices Suck

There are some really good Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices on the market. NetApp is one company that is known for making good products [1]. The advantage of a NAS is that you have a device with NVRAM for write-back caching, a filesystem that supports all the necessary features for best performance (NetApp developed their […]

Starting with BTRFS

Based on my investigation of RAID reliability [1] I have determined that BTRFS [2] is the Linux storage technology that has the best potential to increase data integrity without costing a lot of money. Basically a BTRFS internal RAID-1 should offer equal or greater data protection than RAID-6.

As BTRFS is so important and so […]

More DRBD Performance tests

I’ve previously written Some Notes on DRBD [1] and a post about DRBD Benchmarking [2].

Previously I had determined that replication protocol C gives the best performance for DRBD, that the batch-time parameters for Ext4 aren’t worth touching for a single IDE disk, that barrier=0 gives a massive performance boost, and that DRBD gives a […]

5 Principles of Backup Software

Everyone agrees that backups are generally a good thing. But it seems that there is a lot less agreement about how backups should work. Here is a list of 5 principles of backup software that seem to get ignored most of the time:

(1/5) Backups should not be Application Specific

It’s quite reasonable for people […]

Reliability of RAID

ZDNet has an insightful article by Robin Harris predicting the demise of RAID-6 due to the probability of read errors [1]. Basically as drives get larger the probability of hitting a read error during reconstruction increases and therefore you need to have more redundancy to deal with this. He suggests that as of 2009 drives […]

Some Notes on DRBD

DRBD is a system for replicating a block device across multiple systems. It’s most commonly used for having one system write to the DRBD block device such that all writes are written to a local disk and a remote disk. In the default configuration a write is not complete until it’s committed to disk locally […]

Hetzner Failover Konfiguration

The Wiki documenting how to configure IP failover for Hetzner servers [1] is closely tied to the Linux HA project [2]. This is OK if you want a Heartbeat cluster, but if you want manual failover or an automatic failover from some other form of script then it’s not useful. So I’ll provide the simplest […]

Why Clusters Usually Don’t Work

It’s widely regarded that to solve reliability problems you can just install a cluster. It’s quite obvious that if instead of having one system of a particular type you have multiple systems of that type and a cluster configured such that broken systems aren’t used then reliability will increase. Also in the case of routine […]

A Basic IPVS Configuration

I have just configured IPVS on a Xen server for load balancing between multiple virtual hosts. The benefit is not load balancing but management. With two virtual machines providing a service I can gracefully shut one down for maintenance and have the other take the load. When there are two machines providing a service a […]

Kernel Security vs Uptime

For best system security you want to apply kernel security patches ASAP. For an attacker gaining root access to a machine is often a two step process, the first step is to exploit a weakness in a non-root daemon or take over a user account, the second step is to compromise the kernel to gain […]