In May 2002 I had an idea for securing access to GNUPG . What I did was to write SE Linux policy to only permit the gpg program to access the secret key (and other files in ~/.gnupg). This meant that the most trivial ways of stealing the secret key would be prevented. However an attacker could still use gpg to encrypt it’s secret key and write the data to some place that is accessible, for example the command “gpg -c --output /tmp/foo.gpg ~/.gnupg/secring.gpg“. So what we needed was for gpg to either refuse to encrypt such files, or to spawn a child process for accessing such files (which could be granted different access to the filesystem). I filed the Debian bug report 146345  requesting this feature.
In March upstream added this feature, the Debian package is currently not built with --enable-selinux-support so this feature isn’t enabled yet, but hopefully it will be soon. Incidentally the feature as currently implemented is not really SE Linux specific, it seems to me that there are many potential situations where it could be useful without SE Linux. For example if you were using one of the path-name based MAC systems (which I dislike – see what my friend Joshua Brindle wrote about them for an explanation ) then you could gain some benefits from this. A situation where there is even smaller potential for benefit is in the case of an automated system which runs gpg which could allow an attacker to pass bogus commands to it. When exploiting a shell script it might be easier to specify the wrong file to encrypt than to perform more sophisticated attacks.
When the feature in question is enabled the command “gpg -c --output /tmp/foo.gpg ~/.gnupg/secring.gpg” will abort with the following error:
gpg: can’t open `/root/.gnupg/secring.gpg’: Operation not permitted
gpg: symmetric encryption of `/root/.gnupg/secring.gpg’ failed: file open error
Of course the command “gpg --export-secret-keys” will abort with the following error:
gpg: exporting secret keys not allowed
gpg: WARNING: nothing exported
Now we need to determine the correct way of exporting secret keys and modifying the GPG configuration. It might be best to allow exporting the secret keys when not running SE Linux (or other supported MAC systems), or when running in permissive mode (as in those situations merely copying the files will work). Although we could have an option in gpg.conf for this for the case where we want to prevent shell-script quoting hacks.
For editing the gpg.conf file and exporting the secret keys we could have a program similar in concept to crontab(1) which has PAM support to determine when it should perform it’s actions. Also it seems to me that crontab(1) could do with PAM support (I’ve filed Debian bug report 484743  requesting this).
Finally one thing that should be noted is that the targeted policy for SE Linux does not restrict GPG (which runs in the unconfined_t domain). Thus most people who use SE Linux at the moment aren’t getting any benefits from such things. This will change eventually.